micro photography vs macro photography vs closeup photography

Micro Photography vs Macro Photography vs Close-Ups – 3 Amazing Differences!


Photography is a form of art that attracts all, it’s almost the synonym with the being artistic and living a vagabond life and making the most of it. People of all ages and all paths find photography to express their perspective and present the view of the world as they see it.

But since the amount of people getting into photography has increased exponentially over the years, many definitions of photography have just got jumbled into themselves where many definitions are just considered as one and the same. Somewhere you may have heard about Close-Up shots or Micro Photography and many such related things.

So we have three terms been affected by the lack of knowledge, the victims of easy photography hacks, these are the three composition rules Closeups, Macros, and Micros. These three have been so commonly been misplaced instead of each other that many have forgotten what they meant.

These three, however, are very similar in terms of their definition but when talking into the details we come to know how they vary from each other.

What are the aspect ratios of the photos?

In general, terms, when a photo is taken the photos, are generally taken in the measurements of pixels and densities, the number of pixels thus in both directions is calculated and measured and thus given aspect ratios in modern times the most common aspect ratio stands for 16:9. When speaking about the aspect ratios many different aspect ratios help bring different types of vibe and feel in the image. For example, the cinematic effects in a photo are obtained using something that narrows the frame and makes it more focused on the subject rather than being bluntly disoriented.

In the world of photography, every aspect ratio and positioning of the subject and background is been given a special term making it easier for analysis and differentiation and developing a particular type of style that would make every photographer unique. So let’s start about knowing the terms by first introducing them with the definition and type of aspects they have.

Macro Photography

micro photography

By the term macro, we come to know something that is just similar or nearly similar to that of the real world, so when we come to the terms of photography where the aspects or the sizing of the subject of the photo is very similar to or the same aspect that of the real-world thing.

When taking such photos you must remember how the subject looks or feels in the particular environment and try to replicate the same type of aspect ratio in the photo thus making the image a clear replication of the subject from the environment to the photo. Now talking in terms of the technical prospectus we come to the point where we come to point where we have aspect ratio we have 1:1 aspect ratio where we take the point where the aspect of the subject in real-world remains the same in the photo thus making the viewers of your masterpiece know how the subject would look like in real life or how it actually looked like.

Micro Photography

micro photography

Micro Photography comes to the point where people think making the small things look large is the norm, which is actually the truth but in the most blatant form, let’s see how Micro Photography is the thing in the point of technicality. When talking about Micro Photography we have the ratio that follows as around 30:1 or maybe even 40:1 where it means that the photo that you take is generally around 30 to 40 times bigger than your subject in the real life.

In the part of Micro Photography, we have situations where we have the people taking a very closed up photos of coins, pens, flowers, and insects. Before we go further let’s discuss why do want to take a closeup of a damn grasshopper or even other insects they don’t look good except the butterflies, so next time you think of taking the Micro Photography let the grasshopper alone you have other things to shoot as well.

When taking the Micro Photography you have options of using several types of lenses available in the market however if you don’t have any specialized lens you may, however, make great use of the magnifying glass that’s been in your drawer for a millennium and haven’t been touched after the fourth grade.

Close-up Photography

micro photography vs closeup vs macro

When talking about the aspects and making any subject’s aspect ratio and the aspect of the subject in the photography to be similar we have then the coming of Close-up photography where we have anything that makes the aspects of the subject anything less than 1:1 but closer it in the range of Close-Up Photography.

Now it’s, not the same when you just bring out the camera and click the picture the aspect ratios in the scenario are not quite similar you gain the effects of a closeup image when you try taking the photograph in Macro mode but try to keep the aspect ratio of the image closer to but not at 1:1 thus making the subject in the image larger than compared to the real aspect ratio in regards with its surroundings and background.

Since now you have come to know how these three are quite different from each other let’s take a head to head battle of all three and see which one does what and where can they be used. But before we start the showdown of the three we must look for gaining more information on the aspect ratios as to when we say 1:1 aspect ratio what does it mean and if we have a 1:20 ratio what does that mean?

Aspect Ratio

In simple words aspect ratios, we have the point of ratio proportions of the image to that of the real world.

When we say that a photo is having an aspect ratio of 1:1 we refer that the proportions of the images are similar to that of the real world for better understanding you can understand from the annotation as 1:1 as Propotion in the Image: proportions of the subject in real life.

Macro vs Micro Photography

These two have a similar name but are quite different in the matter of what they capture, one captures the subject in the same aspects as that of the environment whereas the other likes to capture the subject in a more magnified form. When talking about the aspects as always the Micro Photography generally tends to capture the more small objects with a close shot and higher details and hence make the small insects bugs and other small things the ultimate victim of this photography method.

Macro vs Close-up Photography

Now we get into the part of the context where we have the aspects quite similar to each and thus are the most confusing terms in the field of photography and filmmaking as these aspects make the similar kind of aspect ratios.

The point of having a close up is very similar to the point where we just give a little more closer to the subject but the aspect of the subject remains very close to around 1:1 but on the other aspects, the people have the very specific aspects of 1:1 where the aspects of the subject remain the same on the photograph. So even if you have the regular smartphone camera and just take the close counter photo it’s just the close-up and not the macro photography.

Close-up vs Micro Photography

The closeup photography just tends to make some of the aspects of the image quite focused and clear only for the subject making them look bigger than they actually are to a very small bit. On the other hand, Micro Photography is the part where people have the image of insects and the other smaller things and make them look quite larger than they actually are and thus making the image a special part of the art as well.

When we understand the points where we are able to make them differentiate from each other and how we can bring a difference in our photography and make the best out of our photo. Let’s see what are the devices that can help us be in the following photography methods:


The three kinds of photography can easily be achieved using any regular camera but require the expertise of a photographer to make them using the camera we have. In the case of a mobile phone gaining the same effects re sometimes quite hard and hence the effects can be achieved using several lens kits available for the job. Many companies like the ones of the moment are great in making the great third party detachable lenses for iPhones and other phones to achieve great photography. Of course, after taking shots, editing is necessary with some Best Photo Editing Tools.

Macro photographyMicro PhotographyClose-up photography
Having aspect ratio similar to that of the subject and the environment.Having the subject zoomed in high details and zoomed in.Having focus on the subject but not changing the aspect ratio to a very high value.
Maintain the aspect ratio if general 1:1Have aspect ratio varying from 40:1Have very similar to macros around 1:2 and 1:3
Good for portraits and bouquet effectsGood for shooting those little insects flower and tiny objects.Good for object photography and model photography.



Photography has given many terms to be confused around as every method and every tactic been given name and that makes the job making the photos understandable by the normal human being who wants to get into the market and be the best in the field a heart attack.

Such attacks are common when people have to come across terms that are too similar in nature and, make the artist gag and faint many terms are being repeatedly being used among each other having the same meaning in the person’s head, but in reality, are quite different.

Macro photography, Micro Photography, and the Close-Up been one of the most tortured victims of these mistakes. As evident from the name Micro Photography is the photography where people have photos of a small object, insects and flowers are taken in a magnified fashion increasing the details visible on them.

Macro photography, on the other hand, tries t keep the prospect of the subject and image very similar as if we are viewing the subject in the actual world and making the replica over the image however its always quite tough to mirror the actual effects so the other quite useful methods are used to conquer this difficulty.

Close-ups are the images that generally tend to put the focus on the subject but don’t try to change the prospectus or the aspects to a great variable. These help keep the subject make the best in format and allows it to be in the frame as well.

Now taking these images can be an easy task if you have a good camera or an arsenal of lenses, al it takes is the experience of the photographer to understand the aspects and other factors while capturing the shot.

In phones, however, using this camera lens is quite impossible so many companies have come up with third party detachable lenses for mobile phones and cases for the same purpose and hence made the task of photographer much easier. If mobile photography is your hobby and forte we recommend you to kindly read the article about Mobile Photography.

These were the points that made the new budding photographers panic and for some were the reason for the heart attack and hence today we have broken all the misconceptions and confusion making them clear than ever before, we think your love for photography will remain this strong as well.

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I'm Nitin, a proud author at SocialMirror. My forte lies in crafting imaginative and engaging blog content that captivates readers. With a penchant for storytelling, I bring a unique perspective to our platform. Beyond the digital realm, my passion lies in mobile photography, where I explore the world through the lens of my smartphone. This hobby allows me to blend creativity and technology, often infusing my articles with visual narratives. I'm dedicated to sharing insights and stories that resonate with our audience, bridging the gap between creativity and technology in the ever-evolving digital landscape.